Armenia is usually referred to as a sunny country. Its climate ranges from dry subtropical to cold. The summers are hot, the temperature fluctuates between +22C to +36C. The winters are short but cold; the temperature is between -15C to -1C. http://www.meteo.am
The mountain peaks are covered with eternal snow, while their slopes are lined by alpine meadows. The best time to visit Armenia is spring or autumn.
Armenia is located in the southern Caucasus, bordered by Georgia from the north, Azerbaijan from the east, Iran from the south and Turkey from the west. Contemporary Armenia has a territory of 29 800 square km, lying between 1000 and 2500 meters above sea level. The highest peak is mount Aragats (4090m), while the lowest point is Debed River Canyon (400m). Yerevan is the capital and the largest city of Armenia. According to the general census of 2011 the population of Armenia is 3,1 million, 1,1 million of which lives in the capital.
“Whatever may have been their destiny, their country must ever be one of the most interesting on the globe.”- George Gordon Byron-An English poet about Armenia.
The Armenian banking system consists of 21 commercial banks, which are supervised by the Central Bank of Republic of Armenia. The banks in Yerevan are open from 10 am to 4 pm on week-days and from 10 am to 1 pm on Saturdays. No lunch breaks! The ATMs can be found on all the major streets.
Armenian national currency, the Dram, was introduced in November 1993. There are banknotes of 1000, 5000, 20000, 50000, 100000 Dram denomination. There are also coins of 10, 50, 100, 200, 500 Dram denomination.
The electricity in Armenia is 220 volt, 50 Hz. Electric outlets in Armenia use European plugs with 2 round pins. The outlet plug adaptors can be purchased at any electronic shop in Yerevan.
The official language is Armenian, a separate branch of Indo-European family. The written characters are very unique and are not similar to any other alphabets. However most of the shops and official buildings are also marked with Latin-letter signboards. Besides Armenian, nearly everyone speaks Russian here, and many can communicate in English, too.
Armenians accepted Christianity as a state religion in 301 AD. The religion is deeply rooted in Armenia. Most ethnic Armenians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Orthodox church. The head of the church is the Catholicos of All Armenians, who resides in Holy Echmiadzin.
The country code is 374, Yerevan city code is 10.
Outgoing international calls can be made by dialing:
– 00 followed by the country, city code and the number
– 107 and ordering an operator-assisted call.
Time difference between Armenia and Europe is +3 hours; with East Coast of the US +9 hours and with the West Coast +12 hours. Armenia observes the clock changes for daylight savings.
The post offices in Armenia have regular working timetable from 9 am to 7 pm. Sunday is a day-off. One of the central post offices is located at the Republic Square opposite the Government building.
You can get a visa upon arrival in Yerevan, at the airport for 3000 dram, approx. 8 USD/6 EUR for 21 days and for 15000 dram, approx. 41 USD/30 EUR for 120 days. In general the procedure lasts 20-25 minutes. By the expiration of the visa dates it should be prolonged (500 dram approx. 1.6 USD/1 EUR per extra day). Visa can also be obtained on the Internet at http://www.armeniaforeignministry.com/eVisa/. The combined application processing and e-Visa fee is $10 for 21 days and $60 for 120 days. Only credit card payments are accepted.